Missing teeth

This dental service consists of:

 The crowns are prosthesis which cover or wrap around the visible part of the tooth. They are used in cases when the cavity/enamel/dentin tooth destruction is greater and it can only be redone through an obturation or inlay/onlay. In general they are used when over 60% of the tooth surface is destroyed.

Crown pros:

  • restoring the tooth from an aesthetic and functional point of view
  • it requires a few sessions for building
  • the patient gets easily accustomed to the crowns

The tooth bridges can be built from several materials:

  • metallic ceramic
  • zirconium
  • acrylic
  • CAD-CAM

The tooth bridges are fixed prostheses which are being used for a long time. They are made of 2 parts. Each of them plays a role in making the prosthesis and allowing it to function.

The aggregation elements are the pieces which ensure the tooth bridges. They are basically crowns attached to the bridge. They will be cemented on the especially prepaired teeth, sustaining the body of the bridge. They are built from one piece for the durability of the prosthesis.

The body is the part of the tooth bridge which ensures the replacing of the missing teeth. A bridge can have several bodies depending on the number of breaches which it is restoring.

  • Special bridges:
  • Implant bridges: they are supported on the jaw bone dentures.
  • Bridges with special systems: they are movable bridges which use special anchoring systems which are similar to the moving prosthesis: eyelets, grooves and telescopes.
  • Inlay bridges: they have agregation elements instead of crowns, incrustations or inlays.
  • Bridges on dental pivots: they are not different from the natural teeth bridges, with the exception of the start of the bridge.

There are several types of dental prosthesis:
  • Mobile: total and partial
  • Removable: on natural teeth and on implants
Total prosthesis: it replaces a whole dental arcade, be it the superior (jaw bone or the inferior one (mandible) Pros: It restores the
Partial prosthesis. Like the total ones, they can be fairly economical in comparison to the other alternatives to replace missing teeth such as tooth bridges or implants. Any mobile work must be removed after each meal and every night to be correctly cleaned. Pros: stable at the beginning, aparently economical compared to other dental replacing methods.
Fixed prosthesis on implants: when the patient no longer has any teeth, but the jaw bone shows some signs of bone atrophy, he can benefit from a fixed prosthesis on implants. It can be removed by the dentist through unscrewing.
Removable prosthesis on implants: The overdenture prosthesis is actually a total prosthesis which is stabilized on implants or mini dental implants. Taking into account that they are small implants, the resistance is limited and this is way they are only used to stabilize removable prosthesis. Pros: Increased stability, it maintains the bone volume.
The implants are performed by inserting a zirconium/titanium screw in the spot where a tooth is missing. In general it has the shape of a conic root and it can be implanted in the bone. Generally, in simple cases, the implant can be reopened after 1-4 months after a healing abutment is placed around which the gum adapts like a collar. After a few days the necessary measurements can be taken in order to perform the desired prosthesis work (cemented/ screwed into crown, bridges etc).
 
In the case of some dental extractions the bone augmentation is necessary before the implant. On the sides, the recovery might require between 4 and 6 months.
It is a surgery simultaneously performed with the dental extraction from the front/side which purpose is to keep the alveolar/bone volume by bone augmentation and membrane implant.
This dental procedure is performed by using Bio-Oss/Bio Gide or the enamel matrix derivative (Emdogain) technique.
Taking into account the severity of the affection, the implant can be done after a certain timeframe recommended by the dentist.
This technique allows the patients to have a temporary fixed prosthesis work (in the same day) and a permanent fixed ceramic/acrylic prosthesis work with the help of 4/6 implants.
These methods eliminate the need of a bone graph for the jaw bone and mandible.

In the case of implants with immediate loading a temporary crown is made and after 6-9 months a permanent crown can be made, but only in the frontal zone because there is no manducation.

The tooth bridges are fixed prostheses which are being used for a long time. They are made of 2 parts. Each of them plays a role in making the prosthesis and allowing it to function.

The aggregation elements are the pieces which ensure the tooth bridges. They are basically crowns attached to the bridge. They will be cemented on the especially prepaired teeth, sustaining the body of the bridge. They are built from one piece for the durability of the prosthesis.

The body is the part of the tooth bridge which ensures the replacing of the missing teeth. A bridge can have several bodies depending on the number of breaches which it is restoring.

Special bridges:

  • Implant bridges: they are supported on the jaw bone dentures.
  • Bridges with special systems: they are movable bridges which use special anchoring systems which are similar to the moving prosthesis: eyelets, grooves and telescopes.
  • Inlay bridges: they have agregation elements instead of crowns, incrustations or inlays.
  • Bridges on dental pivots: they are not different from the natural teeth bridges, with the exception of the start of the bridge.

There are several efficient aesthetic and functional methods to replace missing teeth, the most economical being the mobile or total prosthetics.

There are several types of dental prosthesis:

  • Mobile: total and partial
  • Removable: on natural teeth and on implants

Total prosthesis: it replaces a whole dental arcade, be it the superior (jaw bone or the inferior one (mandible) Pros: It restores the aesthetic, manducation and speaking to an acceptable degree and it is an economical option.

Partial prosthesis: Like the total ones, they can be fairly economical in comparison to the other alternatives to replace missing teeth such as tooth bridges or implants. Any mobile work must be removed after each meal and every night to be correctly cleaned. Pros: stable at the beginning, aparently economical compared to other dental replacing methods.

Fixed prosthesis on implants: when the patient no longer has any teeth, but the jaw bone shows some signs of bone atrophy, he can benefit from a fixed prosthesis on implants. It can be removed by the dentist through unscrewing.

Removable prosthesis on implants: The overdenture prosthesis is actually a total prosthesis which is stabilized on implants or mini dental implants. Taking into account that they are small implants, the resistance is limited and this is way they are only used to stabilize removable prosthesis. Pros: Increased stability, it maintains the bone volume.

Questions and answers


For more information on questions that you might have, go to the questions and answers page.

Need additional information?